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Population : 2,031 (2001 Census)
Caldercruix is a village in North Lanarkshire on the North Calder Water, two miles north-east of Plains and four miles north-east of Airdrie.
A Brief History of Caldercruix
Caldercruix takes its name from the 'crooks' or 'windings' on the river Calder.
The village was originally populated by farmers and agricultural labourers. Grain mills and flax mills were situated by the Calder, however this changed when the industrial revolution arrived.
The Glengowan Printworks, founded in 1869 was a textile mill, harnessing the Calder Water, producing printed calico and silk materials. John Glen bought the printworks in 1877 and built houses for his workers in the area.
The village developed in the 19th century in association with mining and paper making. Caldercruix Paper Mill was the largest producer of rag blotting paper in the world. It closed for the last time in 1970 putting an end to 400 years of industry. All that remains today are the old settling ponds opposite the artwork called 'Legs'.
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